Название: USS Barb (SS.220) Gato Class Submarine
Автор: William H. Cracknell
Издательство: Profile Publications Ltd.
Серия: Warship Profile 034
Размер: 4.79 MB
In this century the submarine has evolved from a cranky, short-winded submersible torpedo boat to a prime nuclear war deterrent—the nuclear-powered, fleet ballistic submarine of today. The United States traces its submarine history back to David Bushnell's hand-propelled Turtle built during the Revolutionary War. Robert Fulton, inventor of the first commercially successful steamboat, tried to sell his Nautilus to both adversaries during the Napoleonic Wars and later built the Mute during the War of 1812. During the Civil War the Confederacy, in an effort to break the Union blockade, developed several submersibles. The most noteworthy was the CSS Hunley which became the first submarine to sink an enemy ship by exploding a spar torpedo against the steam frigate USS Housatonic—and sinking herself with the same explosion.