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Illustrated Encyclopedia of Military Insignia Of The 20th Century
By Guido Rosignoli
Publisher: Book Sales Inc 1986 224 Pages
PDF 66 MB
INTRODUCTION THE NEED TO distinguish between enemy and ally, leader and led, expert and novice has been a feature of war ever since men banded together to attack or defend their property.
The Romans, with their large armies composed of men from many nations, formalized rank and skills, although often the specialists could be recognized by the fact that they marched and fought beside
their special instruments of war. The early Middle Ages and the rather unstructured wars that followed saw a new development in insignia. The knight or baron waged war accompanied by his retainers, who wore simple garments to show where they owed their loyalty. Heralds representing kings wore elaborate tabards, and so the French herald says 'You know me by my habit,' when he comes to parlay with the English in Shakespeare's Henry V. Earlier, the Crusades had seen the formalization of coloured crosses according to national grouping.