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Osprey Battle Orders 013 The British Army in the Far East 1941-45
Автор: Alan Jeffreys
Издательство: Osprey Publishing Ltd.
Год издания: 2005
Размер: 39 Mb
Изображения: цветные и черно-белые рисунки
From December 1941 to May 1942 the British Empire suffered the most humiliating series of defeats in its history, as Hong Kong, Malaya, Borneo, Singapore and Burma fell in rapid succession to the Imperial Japanese Army. The Fall of Singapore in February 1942 was considered by Winston Churchill 'the worst and largest capitulation in history'. The Japanese had overrun the numerically superior Commonwealth forces in Malaya in just over two months, resulting in 130,000 troops entering captivity. However, three years later the Japanese Army suffered defeat at the hands of the British and Commonwealth 14th Army at the Battles of Kohima and Imphal and in the battles for Burma. This transformation in the fortunes of the Commonwealth troops, in particular the Indian Army, was in a large part due to the development of jungle warfare doctrine and the resulting improvements in training, tactics and equipment.