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ИсторияPaper Machines: About Cards & Catalogs, 1548-1929 (History and Foundations of Information Science)

Paper Machines: About Cards & Catalogs, 1548-1929 (History and Foundations of Information Science)
Автор: Markus Krajewski
Название: Paper Machines: About Cards & Catalogs, 1548-1929 (History and Foundations of Information Science)
Издательство:The MIT Press
Год: 2011
Кол-во страниц: 224
Формат: Pdf
Размер: 2 MB
Язык: Английский

Today on almost every desk in every office sits a computer. Eighty years ago, desktops were equipped with a nonelectronic data processing machine: a card file. In Paper Machines, Markus Krajewski traces the evolution of this proto-computer of rearrangeable parts (file cards) that became ubiquitous in offices between the world wars. The story begins with Konrad Gessner, a sixteenth-century Swiss polymath who described a new method of processing data: to cut up a sheet of handwritten notes into slips of paper, with one fact or topic per slip, and arrange as desired.

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