Название: Basic Karate
Автор: Iain Morris
Издательство: W. Foulsham & Co Ltd
The word karate itself literally means "empty hand" (kara-empty, te-hand). Althougn many of the earlier origins of the art are traced to China, it owes its development to the inhabitants of Okinawa in the Ryukya islands, some 200 mites to the southwest of Japan. At the beginning of the seventeenth century, the islands were conquered by the Japanese under the Daimyo of Satsuma. Like their Chinese predecessors, the Japanese would not allow the natives to carry weapons of any kind. But for their self-protection against their conquerers, the natives devised and elaborated the system of bare-hand fighting now known as karate. Then, as explained in the new edition of "The Fighting Spirit of Japan". it was the famous Okinawan karate master Funakoshi who later introduced it into Japan itself under the name of karate-do, or the "way" of karate. In this altered name we can see the analogy with judo, in which the word "do", meaning "way" was substituted by the late Dr. Jogoro Kano, the founder of judo, in order to emphasise the ethical basis of his new system of self-defence and physical culture...