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ДизайнDetails of Victorian Architecture/ Детали Викторианского стиля (схемы, чертежи и виды)

Details of Victorian Architecture/ Детали Викторианского стиля (схемы, чертежи и виды)Название: Details of Victorian Architecture
ISBN none
edition 2007
Страниц: 110 Color Plates (110 цветных иллюстраций высокого качества)
Формат: PDF (HQ)
Размер: 16,7 MB
язык английский, но книга состоит из схем и рисунков, текст только в виде надписей.

Какой, точно, Викториаский стиль? Много людей используют термин, чтобы описать архитектурный стиль. Однако, Викторианский стиль не совсем стиль, а период в истории. Викторианские даты эры приблизительно с 1840 - 1900. В это время, индустриализация принесла много новшеств в архитектуре. Есть множество Викторианских стилей, каждый с его собственными отличительными особенностями. Самое широкое распространение Викторианских стилей произошло через широкое издание книг данного образца. Строители часто заимствовали особенности от нескольких различных стилей, создавая уникальный, и иногда изворотливый, смеси. У зданий, построенных в течение Викторианских времен обычно, есть особенности одного или более этих стилей.
What, exactly, is a Victorian? Many people use the term to describe an architectural style. However, Victorian is not really a style but a period in history. The Victorian era dates from about 1840 to 1900. During this time, industrialization brought many innovations in architecture. There are a variety of Victorian styles, each with its own distinctive features.
The most popular Victorian styles spread quickly through widely published pattern books. Builders often borrowed characteristics from several different styles, creating unique, and sometimes quirky, mixes. Buildings constructed during the Victorian times usually have characteristics of one or more these styles:

Gothic Revival Architecture
Victorian Gothic buildings feature arches, pointed windows, and other details borrowed from the middle ages. Masonry Gothic Revival buildings were often close replicas of Medieval cathedrals. Wood-frame Gothic Revival buildings often had lacy "gingerbread" trim and other playful details.

Victorian Italianate Architecture
Rebelling against formal, classical architecture, Italianate became the one of the most popular styles in the United States. With low roofs, wide eaves, and ornamental brackets, Italianate is sometimes called the bracketed style .

Second Empire or Mansard Style
Characterized by their boxy mansard roofs, these buildings were inspired by the architecture in Paris during the reign of Napoleon III.

Victorian Stick Architecture
Trusses and stickwork suggest medieval building techniques on these relatively plain Victorian buildings.

Folk Victorian
Just plain folk could afford these no-fuss homes, using trimwork made possible by mass production.

Shingle Style Architecture
Often built in costal areas, these shingle-sided homes are rambling and austere. But, the simplicity of the style is deceptive. The Shingle Style was adopted by the wealthy for grand estates.

Richardsonian Romanesque Architecture
Architect Henry Hobson Richardson is often credited with popularizing these romantic buildings. Constructed of stone, they resemble small castles. Romanesque was used more often for large public buildings, but some private homes were also built in the imposing Romanesque style.

Victorian Queen Anne Architecture
Queen Anne is the most elaborate of the Victorian styles. Buildings are ornamented with towers, turrets, wrap around porches, and other fanciful details.

Details of Victorian Architecture/ Детали Викторианского стиля (схемы, чертежи и виды)

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