Военная история → Curtiss Kittyhawk Mk I-IV in R.A.F., S.A.A.F., R.A.A.F., R.N.Z.A.F., R.C.A.F.and N.E.I.A.F.Service
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Curtiss Kittyhawk Mk I-IV in R.A.F., S.A.A.F., R.A.A.F., R.N.Z.A.F., R.C.A.F.and N.E.I.A.F.Service (Aircam Aviation 6)
By Christopher Shores
Publisher: Osprey Publishing 1969 52 Pages
PDF 8 MB
Early in 1940 Curtiss Aviation sought to improve the performance of the successful Hawk 81 A, the P-40 Tomahawk, which had enjoyed substantial orders from both the U.S. and French governments, by the installation of a more powerful Allison V-1710-34 engine and an increased armament of four wing-mounted .50 in. machine guns. Some re-design of the nose of this new aircraft, the Hawk 87A, slightly altered the appearance, and the name was changed to Kittyhawk. In May the British government placed an order for 560 aircraft as the Kittyhawk Mark I, and when the first example was flown on 22 May, 1941, the aircraft was also ordered for the USAAF. It was as a result of an American requirement for increased armament that the aircraft was fitted with six .50 in. wing guns, and this modification was at once adopted by the British, 540 of the initial order being supplied in this configuration as the Mark IA. Early in 1941 substantial American orders were placed for the aircraft, including 1.500 Mark I As for the RAF, purchased under Lease-Lend funds. In the event, 25 of these aircraft were delivered by surface transport to the RCAF, and others were sent to the Far East for use by the RAAF and RNZAF, following the Japanese attacks on Allied territories in December 1941. A number were also released by the RAF for delivery to Russia.